the friend online
09 November 2007


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Integrity, oaths and affirming allegiance
At the start of each parliament, MPs swear allegiance to the Queen and her heirs
  • Quaker MPs don't swear
  • When Joseph Pease was elected in 1832, a parliamentary committee considered his case and allowed him to affirm
  • (He didn't remove his hat either
  • ) Life was harder for atheists
  • In 1880 Charles Bradlaugh was elected by the voters of Northampton
  • For years he couldn't take his seat because he was barred from swearing an oath or affirming
  • The unrepresented voters of Northampton persisted in voting for him
  • In 1886 Bradlaugh was finally allowed to swear an oath to a god in whom he didn't believe
  • In 1888 he succeeded in changing the law

  • Kathleen Bell & Malcolm Elliott

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    News round-up
    Meeting for Sufferings - round-up
    The cost of abstinence
    Helena Chambers
    Kathleen Bell & Malcolm Elliott
    The Light of Christ in Romania
    Richard Seebohm
    Taking responsibility
    Tim Newell
    A resurrection
    John Lampen
    Meeting of Friends in Wales – 27 October
    Jane Harries
    On returning to Sufferings
    Chas Raws
    I remember
    Nick Matthews

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